Friday, October 2, 2015


Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti in India
    Mahatma Gandhi's birthday (Gandhi Jayanti or Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti) is a gazetted holiday in India on October 2 each year. It marks the anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi's birth on October 2, 1869. Gandhi is remembered for his contributions towards the Indian freedom struggle.

  Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, and died on January 30, 1948. He was a political and spiritual leader in India and played a key role in the Indian independence movement. Gandhi developed the novel technique of non-violent agitation, which he called "Satyagraha", loosely translated as "moral domination".

     He is known for his non-violent civil disobedience in India and South Africa. These included the start of the non-cooperation movement in 1922 and the Salt Satyagraha or Salt (Dandi) March starting on March 12, 1930. Through Gandhi's efforts, India finally gained its freedom on August 15, 1947. The nation mourned for him after he was assassinated on January 30, 1948. The United Nations' (UN) International Day of Non-Violence is also held on October 2 each year to coincide with Mahatma Gandhi's birthday.

Three locations in India play important roles in the celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi's birthday. These are:
  • The Martyr's Column at the Gandhi Smriti in New Dehli where Mahatma Gandhi was shot on January 30, 1948.
  • The Raj Ghat on the banks of the river Yamuna in New Dehli where Mahatma Gandhi's body was cremated on January 31, 1948.
  • The Triveni Sangam where the rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati come together near Allahabad.
The British controlled the production and distribution of cloth in India in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Mahatma Gandhi felt that India could never become independent until the country could produce its own cloth. He encouraged people to spin and weave cotton cloth using small scale traditional spinning wheels and looms. Hence, simple hand spinning wheels for cotton became an important symbol of the struggle for Indian independence and Mahatma Gandhi's life and work.

Tuesday, September 29, 2015

"Creating Heart-Healthy Environment" World Heart Day Theme 29th Sept 2015

          Every year on 29th of September, World Heart Day is celebrated throughout the world. It is an annual international campaign initiated to spread awareness among the people about heart related diseases and how to prevent from it.

         World Heart Day was founded in 2000 to inform people around the globe that heart disease and stroke are the world’s leading causes of death, claiming 17.3 million lives each year. The World Health Organization (WHO) has stressed on the need to reduce consumption of salt as it is linked to approximately 2.5 million people dying annually from heart diseases.

World Heart Day 2015 Theme
        This year, World Heart Day’s theme is creating heart-healthy environments. The places in which we live, work and play should not increase our risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). But individuals frequently cannot make heart-healthy choices due to environmental factors, such as the availability of healthy food or smoke-free zones.  

Lack of exercise, overeating, unhealthy eating diet, high blood pressure and cholesterol are some of the factors that increase the risk of heart diseases.
Sign and symptoms of heart diseases
     It is not necessary that all heart problems will come with a warning signs. Not everyone has the same warning signs and symptoms of a heart attack.

For some, it can begin with a sudden chest pain while it may happens slowly with mild pain or discomfort to some. Those who have had a heart attack in the past will not experience the same symptoms the next time.
Here are a few signs and symptoms of heart diseases:
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Upper body pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach
  • Shortness of breath, which may occur with or without chest discomfort
  • Nausea, vomiting, light-headedness or sudden dizziness, or breaking out in a cold sweat
  • Sleep problems, fatigue, or lack of energy
How to prevent heart diseases
      Nowadays one cannot make heart-healthy choices because the places in which we live in and work increase the risk of heart diseases due to environmental factors, such as the unavailability of healthy food or smoke-free zones.  But if we are careful, heart diseases can be prevented if we take proper care of our heart through healthy diet and proper physical activities. Little changes in lifestyle like smoking cessation, healthy eating, exercise, proper sleep and managing diabetes, blood pressure and stress, regular check ups, etc. can reduce the risk of heart disease.Heart disease and stroke not only affect older people but also children because of poor diet and physical inactivity. One should create a healthy heart environment to prevent oneself from heart related diseases.

Sunday, September 27, 2015

National Daughters Day

       National Daughters Day have been widely known to be celebrated on September 26 and even the fourth Sunday of September. Some people even tag national Daughters Day to be on October 1. This is the day the parents should make their daughters feel that they are not a burden, especially in India, and that they are blessed to have wonderful daughters as their children. World Daughters Day is celebrated on September 28. Parents convey their unending devotion and adoration for their daughters through wishes of Happy Daughters Day and shower lavish gifts to make them feel special. International Daughter's Day is also known to be celebrated on September 4 of each year. The day of Daughters Day celebration varies from country to country.

      The concept of National Daughters Week is not very much hyped till date. So it is difficult to identify Daughters Week 2015. Daughters Week dates have not been officially declared anywhere. More about When is Daughters Day 2015

:-) Daughters day History
Daughters Day was initiated in an attempt to remove the stigma attached to a girl child. This trend has been quite vicious in a developing country like India, where it even leads to infanticides. Parents share their feelings that it is indeed blessed to have a beautiful girl child on this happy occasion.

:-) Daughters and Fathers
Dads and daughters make an absolutely delightful pair. It is very frequently seen that fathers are extremely caring and protective about their girl child or their daughters. The good daughters are always obedient and try to meet up to their parents’ expectations in every possible way. Daughters and fathers can also be the very best of friends, advising and being there for each other in moments of joys and sorrows. Daughters are brought up to be the parents’ support taking care of them in their last years of life. And daughters being more loving and sensitive fulfil the role very naturally and elegantly. 

:-) Daughters and Mothers
Have you ever noticed the closeness of moms and daughters and felt the warmth of the bonding? Moms are daughters’ best friends and vice versa. In their childhood, daughters bring immense pleasure with their innocence and grace to their parents’ lives. As she grows, she starts sharing the household responsibilities. She starts earning to contribute to the family’ financial requirements and takes charge of the whole household. Mums and daughters share their moments of pain and happiness and be a support to each other.

:-) Daughters and Sons
Ideally, daughters and sons should be equally close to parents’ hearts. But unfortunately, in developing and underdeveloped countries like India, there’s a huge discrepancy in how daughters and sons are reared. The society of such countries is stigmatised with the evils of girl child infanticide, dowry deaths, child marriages, women getting exploited in every field of life, personal and professional, while sons enjoy all the privileges of a male-dominated society. Daughters and sons should be treated equally and let’s all join hands together this Daughters Day and silently pledge to rid the society of exploitation against the fairer sex.